Is a combined vision and hearing loss that impacts
an individual's learning, communication, and interaction with the
- Does not mean total deafness and total blindness.
- Impacts the way an individual accesses information.
- Requires special modifications and supports that go
beyond what is typically needed with a hearing loss alone or a
vision loss alone.
Individuals with combined vision and hearing loss cannot rely on
vision or hearing to effectively compensate for the lack of the other
Four primary causes of vision and hearing loss:
- Hereditary/ Chromosomal Disorders
- Prenatal Viruses, Diseases, or Harmful Chemicals
- Complications at Birth
- Postnatal Injuries or Illnesses
Vision and hearing are used to access information from a distance.
How deafblindness impacts an individual depends on three main
- Type and degree of the vision and hearing loss
- The age of onset of the vision and hearing loss
- The presence of additional disabilities
Deafblindness is a disability of access to visual and auditory
Children who are deafblind share similar characteristics related to
learning and interaction:
- They may be withdrawn, inwardly focused, or preoccupied with
- They need to feel secure.
- They have difficulty developing concepts.
- They have difficulty communicating and interacting with others.
- They require specific modifications and supports to learn and
interact with the world.
- They can benefit from routine and systematic instruction.